Aptis Advanced Reading Task 2 – Matching Headings

En este artículo hablaremos sobre la segunda parte del Reading Component en la que debes leer 7 textos y enlazar cada uno con un titulo distinto (Matching the headings). Hay un titulo de más que deberás ignorar.

Para todo el Reading tienes 1 hora, pero te recomendamos no tardar más de 15 minutos en esta parte. A continuación, encontrarás técnicas de examen y un ejemplo a escala de esta tarea con las respuestas justificadas para que se más fácil su comprensión.

Find out more about the second task in the reading component of the Aptis Advanced examination. Read on for advice, guidelines, and an example on how to correctly match headings to their respective paragraphs.

 

Aptis Advanced Reading Task 2

Fuente

 

The second task of the reading component of the Aptis Advanced examination consists of matching different headings to the corresponding paragraphs in order to test your long text comprehension.

In this task, you will receive a text of approximately 750 words, which will be split into paragraphs from 0 to 7, and which you will have to match with the 8 headers that you are given in the task. You will also be given an extra heading that does not fit with any of the paragraphs from the text.

To begin with, before you start the task, you should quickly read over the entirety of the text and carefully read each of the headings provided to you. In the headings, look out for clues, such as similar words, phrases, or themes that could help you to connect the headings to the paragraphs.

However, be attentive and keep in mind that some paragraphs might mention the same words as a specific heading, but that does not mean they are necessarily a correct match. You should focus on finding the best fitting summary for each paragraph and you should not let yourself get swayed by single sentences or words.

Here is a short example of the kind of task you will receive in the reading component of the Aptis Advanced examination:

 

The French Monarchy

0. Up until 1789, France was a monarchy in which the King had absolute authority and in which freedom of speech and belief did not exist. The population was made up of three main estates: The clergy, the nobility and the commoners. The crown was inextricably linked to religion, which is why the clergy profited from many benefits and did not have to pay contributions to the government. The biggest financial obligations were imposed on the poorest part of the population, the third estate, which led to a split and unjust society.

1. Throughout the 18th century, new ideas of personal freedom, equality and justice spread throughout Europe and this movement is known as the Age of Enlightenment. The works of important French philosophers such as Voltaire and Rousseau, who promoted freedom of speech and religion, were censored and banned by the monarchy, since they were considered a threat to the established order. The idea of political participation of the population became increasingly popular and demands for the establishment of a democracy were on the rise. In France, these new perceptions of equality and liberty fuelled the growing dissatisfaction with the monarchy. The population demanded for more freedom and justice.

2. Eventually, the Age of Enlightenment reached its peak when it culminated into the French Revolution of 1789, and in 1892, the First French Republic was proclaimed. However, the fall of the old regime created a power vacuum which eventually led to the authoritarian rule of Napoleon only a few years later. Once again, the population’s freedom of speech, freedom of the press and political voice were taken when Napoleon proclaimed himself as the Emperor of France in 1802. However, Napoleon’s authoritarian rule led to the establishment of a strong and centralised government in France

3. The mark that the French Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment have left on French society and politics can be felt even today. The French motto of “Liberty, Equality, Fraternity” was created during the French Revolution and established itself as the national motto of France under the Third Republic. The motto represents the permanent values of the French nation and it is written in the Constitution of 1958, when France became the Fifth French Republic that we know today.

 

 

Headings

A. Religious prosecution in France

B. The political and social order under the monarchy

C. The rise of Napoleon

D. French values today

E. New ideas spread through France

 

 

 

In this example task, reading the titles and then the text makes it clear that title “A. Religious prosecution in France” is the one that does not fit with any of the paragraphs. Although religion is mentioned in the first and the second paragraph, neither of these two paragraphs actually talk about religious prosecution in France.

Hence, it is important that you carefully read and understand the paragraphs, rather than looking for similar words or sentences when you match the titles to their paragraphs.

The correct heading for the first paragraph would be B. The first paragraph explains the political power of the monarchy, the different social classes in France and it also mentions the functioning of French society. Therefore, the fitting title would be “B. the political and social order under the monarchy.”

The second paragraph of the text talks about the Age of Enlightenment and the new principles that spread through France at the time. Thus, the only fitting title for this paragraph is “E. New ideas spread through France”.

The third paragraph also mentions the Age of Enlightenment, but when reading the paragraph, it becomes clear that this paragraph is about Napoleon’s rise to power. Therefore, in this case, “C. The rise of Napoleon” is the correct heading for the third paragraph of this text.

Finally, this leaves you with only one title and one paragraph. The fourth paragraph of this text is the only one that talks about France in this day and age. Thus, “D. French values today” can only be the correct heading for the final paragraph.

Keep in mind that if you struggle with any of the headers or you feel unsure about one of the paragraphs, leave it until the end. Start off by making matches of which you are entirely certain about, or which are more obvious. Then, come back to the paragraphs and headers you were hesitant about when there is a smaller selection left to choose from.

You can prepare for the Aptis Advanced Reading section by reading articles from magazines or newspapers and trying to find the main idea for each paragraph you read.

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